Today’s women play many roles in society. So to manage all these things every time, it is very important to check health regularly. Various health issues such as diabetes, calcium deficiency, blood pressure, etc. can be detected by regular examination after reaching a certain age. So in this article, we will discuss 15 medical tests that every woman should note:
1. Blood pressure screening
Beginning at 18, every woman should have her blood pressure checked every two years. Normal blood pressure for a woman is less than 120 / 80mmHg (millimetres of mercury). High blood pressure increases your risk of heart diseases and stroke. If high blood pressure persists, check for stress and diabetes as well.
2. Cholesterol Check / Fasting Lipoprotein Profile
To reduce the risk of chronic heart diseases after the age of 25, they should periodically check their cholesterol levels and triglycerides. This test will measure total cholesterol level, LDL (bad cholesterol) and HDL (good cholesterol). If your total cholesterol is over 200, your LDL is over 130, you have to take care of your lifestyle. Every woman should undergo this test every five years as recommended by the American Heart Association. After the age of 45, there are great chances of coronary heart diseases. Therefore screening should be regular and that’s why this medical test every woman should do.
This is another important test in the list of 15 medical tests every woman should do. Women who do not want to reduce your hearing should pay attention to their hearing. An audiogram is a test to test your hearing at various pitches and intensity levels. A genetic disorder, ie osteosclerosis, in which abnormal growth of the middle ear bone is more prevalent in women. You should have your hearing checked every two to five years. If your audiogram is normal, you may have high-pitched hearing loss and thus require a hearing aid.
4. Body Mass Index Check
It is a measurement of body fat based on a person’s weight and height. There are various platforms such as mobile applications and online BMI calculators. In these, you can calculate your BMI in kilograms by dividing your weight in kilograms upon entering your height, weight, sex and age. The intensity of the person’s BMI is then analyzed and compared with the recorded data. If it is 25–30, the person is said to be overweight and BMI> 30kg / m2 is indicative of being obese. So the woman having high weight must do this medical test.
5. Diabetes Test
It’s quite common now-a-days and every woman must do this medical test. After the age of 30, a woman should check her blood sugar level every three years. You should go for type-2 diabetes or pre-diabetes screening. People who have a family history of high blood pressure, frequent thirst, frequent urination, fatigue, blurred vision, or diabetes should begin the checkup first. Screening is yearly if normal.
6. Anaemia check
A person is said to be anaemic if they have a low number of red blood cells in the body. Women of childbearing age are particularly prone to anaemia due to menstrual anaemia. RBCs contain pigments of haemoglobin that consists of two parts, such as heme and globin. Four ham molecules bind to a globulin protein and one heme carries one oxygen molecule into the blood. So low RBC counts mean low oxygen absorption in the blood, which can lead to weakness or dizziness. So regular screening of RBCs is a good way to become aware of anaemia so that the condition can be controlled.
7. Dental Screening
To avoid dental problems, it is important to visit your dentist annually. If you are pregnant or taking a contraceptive, you may be more close to gingivitis. Diagnosis includes dental X-rays, oral cancer screening and visual oral examination. Minor issues can lead to bigger problems, thus you need to see your dentist immediately if you have any problems.
8. Vitamin deficiency check
Vitamin-D and B12 deficiency are commonly found in Indian women. Vitamin B12 deficiency can cause difficulty in conception. And vitamin-D deficiency causes excessive problems to maintain healthy bones and calcium absorption. Women must do such medical test because in teir busy life they do’t take care of their vitamins intake and thus may go through deficiency.
9. Pap smear and pelvic examination
It is first introduced by Jorge Papanicolaou, beginning 20 or so. If women are sexually active, this is an important test to reduce the risk of cervical cancer as it is the second leading cause of death in women. According to the American Cancer Society, over the past 50 years, the disease has reduced mortality by 75% due to increased pap smog. On the off chance that you are 30 or more experienced, contact your primary care physician to test for HPV. And if you are positive with this test then you need to go for further diagnosis and treatment. This is also a must do medical test for women.
10. Mammogram and Breast Examination
This is a specially for women and must do type of medical test. Always experts suggest a manual test for bumps between the age of 20 to 40. Both types of screening can detect breast cancer when it comes to the breast. The purpose of mammograms is to diagnose breast cancer. When breast cancer is already detected, the patient’s results are better. This is a chance to spread. We recommend that women begin mammogram screening recommends that women begin mammogram screening every year at the age of 40. Patients with a strong family history should begin screening at an earlier age. Your primary care physician can advise you when to have your first mammogram.
Please arrive 15 minutes before your scheduled appointment, you can expect the entire process to take about 30 minutes, they ask you to remove any lotion powder or deodorant on your eyebrow or under your arms. Because there can be substances that can make mammograms more difficult to read if you wear a two-piece dress instead of a dress because you don’t have to Children will be asked to wear, so schedule your mammogram in the first week of the end of your menstrual cycle. Because breast tissue is more gentle before and during the day and during its cycle, once a mammogram is placed on IU Health and examined at your technologist. You will taken back to your exam, the technologist will mammogram your breast. Unit and will keep in one place.
The compression paddle lowered to gradually compress and stretch the breast tissue. Your breast is only about 10 to 15 seconds of compression. There are usually four pictures per picture. For several reasons to provide two views of each breast compression, helping to spread the breast tissue out, this occur. Combined, therefore there is less tissue overlap, providing a better view of the breast and also eliminating some of the confusion arising due to tissue overlap.
Images with better resolution and quality ultimately make the breast thinner, so we can use at least the amount of radiation during the test. Once the four images taken, send the technologist to read them to the radiologist. The results will not be immediate, but we read them the same or the next day each patient will receive a letter or a phone call with the result.
Please allow coming in the mail for two weeks for your letter. If your mammogram identifies any potential abnormalities they ask you to come back for additional pictures. For additional screening, this does not mean that you have about five to ten per cent of women with cancer, called back to clarify something previously found completely. The vast majority of the time. There is nothing there, but we need to examine or look at it from another angle. So women really needed to perform this medical test.
11. Bone density screening
If you have low bone density, it is harder to bounce back. Bones are important. Bones hold you together. If you fall and break something, your life is going to stop for a while. Bone mineral density is otherwise known as DEXA scan.
A bone mineral thickness test or DEXA filter is one of the most accurate methods for surveying your bone wellbeing. The DEXA scan measures your bone loss over time and can detect osteoporosis which is a bone disease. It makes bones weak and breaks easily. The doctor uses the results of tests to evaluate your risk for fractures.
A very low dosage of radiation will given to you. Looking at those scans, Drs. Radiologists like Priscilla Wallace can give you a T-score. The higher your T-score, the denser your bones. Your T score is comparing your bone density to someone who is 30 years old and has a maximum bone density, and if you fall below that bone density by more than 10%, you are unstable and if you are 25 Bone density comes down more than%, you are osteoporotic. Especially women who are very thin, women who are bulimic or anorexic probably need it in their 30s or even 40s. Women always found with low mineral density . So this medical test every women must do.
Women who have had hyperthyroidism or have taken thyroid supplements, who have been on steroids for a long time or people who are on suppressive drugs need to be scanned quickly. To make your bones stronger, you can do things on your own, get more calcium and vitamin D and exercise more. Your doctor may also recommend medication.
12. Ovarian Cancer Screening
This is also a must do medical test for women. These indigestion changes in appetite may make them seem ridiculous and common, but doctors say they have been a major symptom of ovarian cancer for many years. We felt that ovarian malignancy is a quiet performer based on the premise that most women are prescribed for ovarian disease at one propel stage and four when malformation had spread to the abdominal area. Ovarian cancer can involve more than one disease, it can be cancer of the ovaries and fallopian tubes. Patients do not have any symptoms until the cancer has spread throughout the pelvis and abdomen.
At this point and despite all the studies, there is no approved or screening that has shown that it makes a difference to be approved and used for a screening test for ovarian cancer. It determines that this is going to allow us to diagnose those cancers early in this stage, which studies at the moment show that there are differences in outcomes and survival and cure rates for patients.
Screening for ovarian cancer can do more harm than a good study that was done here. Unite states have shown that you hurt more women by trying screening for ovarian cancer than helping women. But doctors are addressing a patient’s symptoms and family genetics. Women who have a strong family history of ovarian and breast cancer should be evaluated to see it. If they carry genes that prey on those cancers that make it important to know your body and your family history.
13. Skin Testing
According to the American Cancer Society, approximately 3.3 million Americans are prescribed for fatal skin growth. Therefore you should know about moles, flaws or spots. In this way it is very important to go to your dermatologist once a month or to check yourself once a month at the age of 20. Hazardous substances can reduce incurable skin growth, fair skin, amazing molten smell and further sun rays.
14. Colon Cancer Screening
Colon cancer is not a man’s disease. Women and men have the same risk of developing colon cancer during their lifetime. Some women prefer a female gastroenterologist when discussing issues related to their gastrointestinal health and include colon cancer screening. In which some studies have shown that women prefer female gastroenteric by examining their colonoscopy and colon cancer. At age 50, it is recommended to have your first colonoscopy. If you are considered to have a family history that colon cancer is diagnosed before 10 years, repeat it before they are diagnosed and at least every five years.
15. STDs Screening
Every women who are sexually active should do such medical test for sure. Sexually transmitted diseases affect millions of people every year and yet this is not something we are all well aware of. The most famous are Gonorrhea, Chalamidae, Trichomonas.
There were about 350,000 cases of CDC reported in 2006 but we actually think the actual number is twice because not everyone is being tested for STS. Patients who are sexually active with multiple partners who are not using barrier protection are likely susceptible to these diseases.Teens are probably not always using protected sex with condoms and they have greater numbers of sex partners than anyone in their 50s or 60s.
In gonorrhoea, patients sometimes have a burning sensation with urination, may have an abnormal discharge or may have pelvic pain or which in fact usually indicates very severe infection.
Chlamydia is caused by a bacterium that spreads through contact. It can infect the urethra, vaginal cervix, uterus and unfortunately also fallopian tubes. It is often called silent disease because many patients have no symptoms. Some of the symptoms include burning with urination and abnormal discharge, pelvic pain.
Trichomoniasis is a trichomonas infection, that is a parasitic infection and is spread by sexual contact and is the most common STD. About 7 million men and women are infected in a year. Women with trichomonas will often complain of yellow or green discharge. But some patients do not have any symptoms. If you do not have symptoms, it means that you have a mild case is not necessary. Even patients without symptoms can scarf air with fallopian tubes and infertility.
All of these easily treated with oral antibiotics and usually, an infected patient and his or her partner will be treated and if you do not get it treated, the contamination is spread upwards in the uterus and fallopian tubes in a similar way. May cause pain, although usually scarring and infertility. Young generally recommend for sexually active women who have multiple partners that they must have an STD screen at least once a year or if they have had unprotected sex.
After all this is a protective measure to our health, because you know that Health is the most important wealth for us. So women with their busy schedule should also have some time for their regular checkup regarding the above said screenings. So stay healthy and stay happy and live your life fully and also thanks for reading this article.